timeline


1912: The Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company established

1916: Company renamed Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company


1926: Lockheed Aircraft Company formed

1927: Lockheed Vega was introduced

1928: Air Express and revamped Vega flew the first time

1929: Lockheed becomes a division of Detroit Aircraft, Sirius flew the first time

1930: Lockheed Altair took to the air

1931: Model 9 Orion, the first aircraft with retractable landing gear, took off the first time

1932: Robert and Courtland Gross take control of company after the bankruptcy of Detroit Aircraft. Company renamed
Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, recognizing the company's reorganization under a board of directors

1934: The Model 10 Electra was launched

1938: Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar made its maiden flight

1939: P-38 Lightning flew the first time

1941: PV-1 Ventura made its first flight

1943: Constellation took to the air 1943: Lockheed's Skunk Works founded in Burbank, California

1944: Lockheed's first jet fighter, the XP-80 Shotting Star flew the first time

1945: P-2 Neptune flew for the first time

1946: At that time the world's biggest, the RV6 Constitution,  airplane took to the air

1947: The twin engined Lockheed Saturn flew the first time

1948: T-33 Shooting Star started to its maiden flight and remained in production for 10 years

1949: F-94 Starfire started for the first time

1954: First flight of the C-130 Hercules

1954: F-104 Starfighter was launched

1955: Maiden flight of the U-2

1957: First flight of C-140 Jetstar

1957: L-188 Electra made its first flight

1958: P-3 Orion was born

1963: C-141 Starlifter started its career

1963: First flight of the legendary YF-12

1964: Followed by the SR-71 Blackbird

1968: C-5A Galaxy flew the first time

1970: L-1011 Tristar started to its first flight

1972: S-3 Viking started its career

1976: The Lockheed bribery scandals

1977: Company renamed Lockheed Corporation, to reflect non-aviation activities of the company

1978: The company's Hollywood-Burbank Airport is sold to its nearby cities and becomes Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena airport (later renamed Bob Hope Airport in 2003)


1981: F-117 Nighthawk flew first time until presented to the public in 1988

1985: Acquires Metier Management Systems

1986: Acquires Sanders Associates electronics

1991: Lockheed, General Dynamics and Boeing begin development of the F-22 Raptor

1992: All aerospace related activities end at the Burbank facility

1993: Acquires General Dynamics Fort Worth aircraft division, builder of the F-16 Fighting Falcon

1995: Lockheed Corporation merges with Martin Marietta to form Lockheed Martin

1996: F-35 Lightning II joint Strike Fighter development contract was signed

1997: F-22 Raptor made its first flight

2000: X-35A took to the air the first time
























Lockheed's Burbank factory in the late 1940's, Lockheed Archives

Lockheed EC-121K Super Constellation U.S. Navy at Burbank, Zoggavia Collection

F- 1, San Diego Air & Space Museum Archives

Their first project would be the F-1, the world's largest seaplane, able to carry 10 passengers. The brothers hired Jack Northrop, a 20-year-old draftsman, to work on the project. The plane successfully flew in 1918 and the brothers soon received a request to build flying boats for the Navy. The Loughead’s success in producing the F-1
led to a Navy contract to produce the Curtiss HS-2L flying boat. After World War I, the company devoted its energies to the S-1, a single-seat biplane for civilian use. It was supposed to be inexpensive, but after spending $30,000 developing and building it, the plane's $2,500 asking price was too much for the typical plane-buyer. Financially strained, Loughead Aircraft closed in 1921.

Malcolm Loughead quit the aviation industry, moved to Detroit and became successful with a hydraulic-brake system he developed for cars. Tired of his name being mispronounced "Log-head," Malcolm officially changed the spelling to match its pronunciation. He called his new company the Lockheed Hydraulic Brake Company. In the meantime, Allan became a real estate salesman, while Jack Northrop moved on to work for Donald Douglas.

In 1926, Allan Loughead and Jack Northrop reunited. They secured the money to form the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation - specifically incorporating the "Lockheed" spelling to associate themselves with Malcolm's successful brake company. Using their innovative construction of a single bodied hull from their earlier creation, the S-1, they produced an incredibly successful high-speed monoplane, the Vega. With a range of one thousand miles, a cruising speed of 185 miles per hour and capacity for six people, the Vega quickly became a popular choice for many of the world's top aviators, including Amelia Earhart and Wiley Post.

Jack Northrop left Lockheed in 1928 to start his own successful aircraft business. The following year, Allan Loughead sold the company to the Detroit Aircraft Corporation. Shortly after being sold, Lockheed Aircraft went bankrupt, unable to stay afloat during the Depression. In 1932, an investment financier named Robert Gross, purchased the company and salvaged the Lockheed name. Over the next few decades, the Lockheed Air Corporation would continue to develop innovative planes such as the economical Electra and the high-performance Constellation.

Allan Loughead, like his brother, legally changed his name to Allan Lockheed in 1934. He went on to form two other aircraft manufacturing companies in the 1930s. Both were unsuccessful. After WWII, he continued his career as a real estate salesman while occasionally serving as an aviation consultant. His love of flying never diminished, though, and Allan Lockheed kept an informal relationship with the Lockheed Air Corporation until his death in 1969.

Story

The story of Lockheed Aircraft begins with Allan and Malcolm Loughead. The brothers first became fascinated with aviation after witnessing several glider demonstrations. In 1910, Allan began work as an airplane mechanic and shortly thereafter learned how to fly. When Allan returned to San Francisco in 1912, he and his brother, Malcolm, decided they might be able to make money flying people in planes.

Borrowing $4,000 from a local cab company, the Loughead brothers built their two-seat flying boat, the Model G. in 1913. The ten-dollar fee the brothers were charging for a plane ride was apparently more than most people were willing to pay. Unable to make payments, the creditors seized their plane. For the next two years, the brothers tried every scheme possible to earn the money to get the plane back - even panning for gold. Eventually they succeeded and the brothers brought their plane to the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco. The huge crowds there enabled the brothers to find plenty of willing passengers. With the small fortune they made at the exposition, the brothers moved to Santa Barbara and started the Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company in 1916.